|REGIONS OF ITALY|
|Region of Tuscany, Italy|
|Province of Arezzo, Italy|
|Province of Prato, Italy|
|Province of Pistoia, Italy|
|Province of Grosseto, Italy|
|Province of Massa-Carrara|
|Province of Pisa, Italy|
|Province of Lucca, Italy|
|Province of Siena, Italy|
|Province of Florence, Italy|
|Province of Livorno, Italy|
|Region of Abruzzo, Italy|
|Region of Valle d'Aosta, Italy|
|Region of Umbria,Italy|
|Region of Trentino Alto Adige|
|Region of Sicily, Italy|
|Region of Sardegna, Italy|
|Region of Puglia, Italy|
|Region of Piemonte, Italy|
|Region of Molise, Italy|
|Region of Marche, Italy|
|Region of Lombardia, Italy|
|Region of Lazio, Italy|
|Region of Friuli Venezia Giulia|
|Region of Campania, Italy|
|Region of Calabria, Italy|
|Region of Liguria, Italy|
|Region of Emilia Romagna|
|Region of Basilicata, Italy|
|Region of Veneto, Italy|
|PEOPLE AND CULTURE|
|FOOD & WINE|
|HISTORY OF ITALY|
|TRAVELLING IN ITALY|
|MUSIC IN ITALY|
|VILLAS & GARDENS|
Region of Tuscany, Italy
Tuscany is one of the regions in Italy that attract the highest number of tourists, this as a result of its excellent position on the peninsula and satisfactory hotel and other facilities, and most of all to the great variety of environmental, scenic, artistic, cultural and historical attractions. The area is dotted with charming and often old villages, whose intrinsic merits merge with those of the environment.
Starting from the north, peaceful green valleys lie close to the Apennine ridge: Lunigiana with Pontremoli, the home of booksellers, and Fosdinovo, with its Malaspina beautiful castle (14th century); next, separated by the `marble' Apuan Alps, lies Garfagnana, where Castelnuovo, Barga, with the nearby village of Castelvecchio (home of Giovanni Pascoli, the poet), and, not far from Lucca, the Romanesque Pieve di Brancoli, all deserve a visit.
Towards the east, lies the wooded Pistoia mountain, with a host of summer holiday centres, such as S. Marcello, Gavinana and Maresca, and winter resorts, such as Cutigliano and especially Abetone.
Having reached Florence, one can go up the Mugello (Sieve valley) where a visit should be made to the Renaissance Francescan monastery of Bosco dei Frati, with a wooden crucifix attributed to Donatello, the Medici villa of Cafaggiolo (15th century) and the centres of Scarperia, with the 14th century Palazzo Pretorio, and Romanesque Borgo San Lorenzo with the church of the same name. Once over the Pratomagno ridge (on which the picturesque village of Vallombrosa is perched with its interesting monastery) the visitor reaches Casentino (upper Arno Valley), Stia, Poppi, and Bibbiena, villages with a wealth of art and architecture - but especially with an intensely mystical beauty, amidst majestic forests.
The Eremo di Camaldoli conserves the characteristic cells (11th century) occupied by the hermits; the La Verna monastery, with its 14th century church of S. Maria degli Angeli and Basilica (14th-16th century) contains many relics of the life of S. Francis.
The traditional image of Tuscany, of gentle hilly slopes covered with olive groves and vineyards, must be sought in the heart of the region, for example, in the upper Era basin, where one finds splendid Volterra, of ancient Etruscan origin, a town whose ancient intact structure conserves important monuments such as the Romanesque Duomo, 14th century Palazzo dei Priori and an extremely interesting Etruscan museum.
In the upper Elsa valley, between Florence and Siena, lies another small town, nestling in the peaceful green countryside, of equal environmental and cultural interest: this is San Gimignano, famous for its many towers, the Collegiata (12th century) with a fine interior, Palazzo del Podest? (12th-13th century) and the Romanesque Gothic church of San Agostino.
Nearby and worth visiting are Colle Val d'Elsa, with Palazzo Campana, an example of Mannerism (16th century), and Monteriggioni, with fine twelfth century walls. Past the so-called `Crete Senesi', stands the solitary magnificent abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore (14th-16th century) decorated with frescoes by L. Signorelli and Sodoma (Stories of St Benedict); farther on lie Montalcino, of medieval appearance with its beautiful Collegiata (12th-13th century) and Pienza, built by Pope Pius II (1459-62) in the purest Renaissance urban style.
Proceeding south, one reaches Radicofani and the tranquil, picturesque holiday resorts at the base of Mount Amiata (1,738 m.): these are Castel del Piano, Accidosso, San Fiora, Pian Castagnaio and Abbadia S. Salvatore.
Another interesting itinerary starts at Arezzo, descending the Val di Chiana, touching Monte San Savino, with its Renaissance Loggia dei Mercanti, and the medieval hamlet of Gargonza; Castiglion Fiorentino and Cortona, a city of art, with a medieval centre; lastly Montepulciano with its late-Renaissance architecture.
Not to be missed, lying at the foot of the Colline Metallifere, between Siena and Grosseto, are the solitary abbey of S. Galgano, partly in ruins, one of the most important examples of Gothic-Cistercian architecture in Italy, and the beautiful town of Massa Marittima.
Farther on, towards the Tyrrhenian Sea, one enters Maremma, a protected area in the Maremma Natural Park, including the small coastal chain of the Monti dell'Uccellina, which has typical Mediterranean scrub, the ideal habitat for an extremely rich and varied fauna.
Tourist movement in Tuscany is also linked to the seaside resorts, starting from those of Versilia: Marina di Massa, Marina di Carrara, Forte dei Marmi, Marina di Pietrasanta, Lido di Camaiore, Viareggio and continuing with Tirrenia, Castiglioncello, Marina di Cecina, San Vincenzo, exclusive Punta Ala, Castiglione della Pescaia, Marina di Grosseto, Porto S. Stefano and Porto Ercole - these last two on the Argentario headland.
Not to be forgotten is the Tuscan archipelago, especially the Island of Elba, with a jagged coastline, a particularly mild climate and excellent tourist facilities. Other islands which tourists can visit are Isola del Giglio and Isola della Capraia. Internationally renowned health spas include Montecatini, near Pistoia, with waters suitable for the treatment of the liver and digestive tract, and Chianciano, in the lower Val di Chiana, whose waters are used for liver complaints.
Further Reading about Tuscany
Natural Environment and Climate in Tuscany
Another characteristic and beautiful mountain area is that of the Apuan Alps, an extraordinary chain of mountains which winds for more than 50 km, towering over travellers along Lunigiana, Garfagnana or Versilia like brilliant white marble...
The Etruscan Age in Tuscany
The Etruscans at first occupied the land near river Arno and the Tiber but later spread into an area, wider than the present Tuscany, extending to Umbria and a part of Lazio, reaching the north as far as Liguria...
Prehistory of Tuscany
A few hundred thousand years ago Tuscany was covered by large lakes and its land along the sea was still widely covered. All territories of its most important towns, except for Siena, were submerged by water..
The Twentieth Century in Tuscany, Italy
In the economic field, the success of the little and medium-sided enterprise and of handicraft has consolidated the prestige of Tuscany at an international level. At present, one of the most advanced activities in Tuscany is tourism, which aims to enhance the beauty and variety of the environment together with the cultural heritage of the past...
Wine Regions of Tuscany
Tuscany ranks 5th among the regions in size (22,992 square kilometers) and 9th in population (3,577,000). Vineyards cover 86,000 hectares (4th) of which registered DOC plots total 30,500 hectares (3rd).
Economy and Population of Tuscany, Italy
The standard of living is generally little higher than the national average though there are certain zonal differences. The areas with high industrial concentration and the best communications networks...
photo by Robyn Vulinovich - Villa Branca, Tuscany
Province of Arezzo, Italy
Province of Florence, Italy
Province of Siena, Italy
Province of Lucca, Italy
Province of Pisa, Italy
Province of Massa-Carrara
Province of Grosseto, Italy
Province of Pistoia, Italy
Province of Prato, Italy
Province of Livorno, Italy